Tuesday, May 31, 2011

Kenya and the the ICC's Selective Justice

International Criminal Court in The Hague, Netherlands. 

KPFA News, May 30, 2011:

KPFA Weekend News Host Anthony Fest:  Kenya failed today to halt an International Criminal Court prosecution of six government and media figures for allegedly organizing the country's post-election ethnic violence, which left at least 1300 dead and drove hundreds of thousands more from their homes.  Kenya's government objected to the ICC proceedings, arguing that its new constitution and other reforms had opened the way for it to conduct its own prosecution with its own institutions.   International criminal lawyers and human rights activists have long criticized the ICC as a court for selective, racially discriminatory, and politically agendized justice serving the interests of powerful nations, most of all the US and its allies, even though neither the U.S. nor Israel have ratified the treaty that created the court or accepted its jurisdiction over their own leaders.

KPFA’s Ann Garrison spoke with William Mitchell Law School Professor and international criminal defense attorney Peter Erlinder and with Ugandan opposition leader Okello Lucima about African nations’ growing resistance to the court, which has never tried any leaders who were not African.
KPFA/Ann Garrison: Professor Peter Erlinder, could you explain the African resistance to the International Criminal Court that Kenya appears to have joined? 
Professor Peter Erlinder
Peter Erlinder:  Just a little over a year ago all of the presidents of the African Union states voted not to cooperate with the International Criminal Court because it's become a court that prosecutes only Africans, and moreover, it prosecutes only Africans that are not allied with the major powers on the Security Council. The result of that is that, increasingly, the leaders of African countries, including Kenya, have come to the conclusion that the ICC, at least as far as Africans are concerned, is not a level playing field. And, you may recall that just within the last month or so, the Kenyan Parliament voted almost unanimously to ask the ICC not to go forward with the prosecutions because they had concluded that it would actually make the situation in Kenya worse by demonizing certain political figures in Kenya and allowing others off the hook. And that of course is the problem with tribunals because very often prosecutions are undertaken for reasons that are consistent with the policy interests of powerful nations rather than the facts underlying the reasons for the prosecution.  And that has been the track record of the ICC.
KPFA:  Okello Lucima, longtime activist and publicist of the Uganda People’s Congress, said that he likes the idea of the International Criminal Court, but not its selective prosecutions:
Okello Lucima of the
Uganda People's Congress

Okello Lucima:  I support the International Criminal Court, in the principles behind it, but I think justice would require that similar cases receive similar treatment.  Crimes that were committed in Northern Uganda and the Congo in no way can compare to what has happened in Zimbabwe over the same period.  The Northern Uganda catastrophe was not even second to Darfur. But all these were under the watch of President Yoweri Museveni. President Taylor in Liberia was bundled and sent off to the Hague, for fomenting rebellion in Sierra Leone and theft and plunder of Sierra Leone diamonds, but Museveni did exactly the same thing in the Congo.
KPFA:  Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni has been a close U.S. ally since taking office in 1986. He has been a willing collaborator in the IMF and World Bank's economic structural adjustment regimes and he sent soldiers to Iraq as part of George W. Bush's coalition in 2003.  Thousands of Ugandan soldiers have taken the place of U.S. troops since the troop withdrawal began.  
For Pacifica, KPFA and AfrobeatRadio, I’m Ann Garrison.

Kagame's Bad Press: Scotland Yard Reports Rwandan Assassins to the BBC

BBC Newsnight on Scotland Yard's Report that Rwandan
agents plotted to assassinate Rwandan exiles on British soil.

KPFA Weekend News, May 29, 2011:

KPFA Weekend News Anchor Anthony Fest:  And in news from Southeastern Africa, the BBC reported earlier this month that British Police had contacted two Rwandan exiles living in London to say they were in danger of being assassinated by agents of the Rwandan government.  KPFA's Ann Garrison has the story.

KPFA/Ann Garrison:  BBC Newsline reported the London Metropolitan Police warning to two Rwandans living in London during the third week of May.

BBC Newsline:  The Metropolitan Police have taken the extraordinary step of warning two British citizens from Rwanda, living in London, that they’re at risk of being assassinated by the Rwandan government.  Legal notices were sent to a former Lib Dem candidate, Rene Mugenzi, and Jonathan Musonera.  We’ve spoken with both men.  Now it’s understood that a Rwandan suspected of being part of the plot against the exiles was prevented from entering Britain last week.

KPFA:  Mugenzi went to Amnesty International last year with evidence that Rwandan President Paul Kagame’s Rwandan Patriotic Army was guilty of massacring 8,000 Rwandan Hutu people in an Internally Displaced Persons, or IDP, camp in Southwestern Rwanda, in 1995, while UN peacekeepers stood by.  The allegations add to the body of evidence challenging the official Rwandan government history of the Rwanda Genocide and its aftermath.

BBC Newsline’s host asked British MP Malcolm Bruce, Chair of British Parliament’s International Development Select Committee, how he could continue to justify the British government’s plan to extend another $83 million pounds in aid to Rwanda:

BBC Newsline Host:  We heard from the commentator there that there is worsening repression, that rivals have been killed, there’s a climate of fear, and we continue to give $83 million pounds  to this country in aid.   Can we justify that?

KPFA:  Rwandan refugees and exiles in the U.S. repeated the same question, to the U.S. government, as did their Congolese allies, who hold Rwandan President Paul Kagame and his Rwandan Patriotic Front regime responsible for invading, occupying, and plundering the resource rich eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, in the ongoing conflict that has cost upwards of six million lives since 1996.

The U.S. is, like Britain, a major donor to Rwanda, one of its principle military partners on the African continent.

St. John’s University Law Professor Charles Kambanda, a Rwandan dissident, exile, and former member of the Rwandan Patriotic Front, says that the Rwandan Army is the most influential institution in Rwanda, that most of its top officers are trained by the U.S., and that the U.S., as the “brain of the Rwandan army,” will bear primary responsibility for whatever happens next in that country.
For Pacifica, KPFA, and AfrobeatRadio, I'm Ann Garrison.

(To hear the KPFA Radio report, click http://www.anngarrison.com/audio/kagames-bad-press-police-report-rwandan-assassins-on-british-soil)

(See the BBC Newsline report at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7zXN4eZO2_g .)

Kansas Verdict: Kobagaya Did Not Participate In Genocide

Lazare Kobagaya did not participate in Genocide, that's the verdict from Kansas:

"The jury found that Kobagaye lied on the application about his whereabouts but not when he state he didn't participate in genocide."

Earlier today the jury was struggling to reach a verdict on both counts in the immigration fraud trial of a Kansas man accused of lying about his involvement in the 1994 genocide in Rwanda:

Jurors in the trial of Lazare Kobagaya (luh-ZAR'-koh-buh-geye-uh) asked Tuesday what would happen if they decided one count but not the other. The judge said he would instruct jurors that they can return a partial verdict.

Let's see what statement the defense, the prosecution or Stephen Rapp and the Rwandan government put out.

"As I understand it, they didn't convict him on anything violent at all,"

defense attorney Kurt Kerns said as he left the courthouse with Kobagaya and the defendant's family.

What to me is the most astonishing and disappointing of the coverage yesterday (by AP, Reuters, etc etc) just after the news broke, was the title that still called Lazare Kobagaya, who just was acquitted of genocide, a "genocide suspect". The New York times got it right however some hours later:
"Kansas: Rwandan Acquitted Of Genocide"
ROXANA HEGEMAN writes today for AP with a correct title:
"Immigrant convicted of lying on federal forms"
"It was unclear whether the partial verdict of guilty on the sole immigration count is enough for the government to revoke his citizenship and deport him."
Paul Shepard writes in his article "Kansas Man Beats Mass Murder Charge":
"If the government spent such enormous resources and can't get a conviction against an old African man in Kansas, it makes me think they were going after an innocent man."

Paul Quiles On French Role In Great Lakes Region

Paul Quiles investigated as Président of the "mission parlementaire d'information sur le génocide du Rwanda" the role the French played in the great lakes region, before during and after the genocide. He also wrote as president of this French parliamentary mission a letter to United Nations secretary general BAn-Ki Moon in 2008. His recommendation:

"Je vous propose donc de soumettre l’ensemble des travaux conduits jusqu’à présent sur les causes, le déroulement et les conséquences du génocide du Rwanda à l’examen d’une commission constituée de personnalités indépendantes à l’expertise reconnue."

Ron Paul: The Final Nail

Ron Paul drives home some important points.

Friday, May 27, 2011

US Failure To Honor Red Notice Justus Majyambere: Repercussions Likely

Sofar US sources have failed to confirm the conflicting reports of Justus Majyambere's arrest and release.

A blog claims to have spoken to Justus Majyambere at his home in Kigali who said:
"he went to the US and returned safely and had not been stopped by anyone while in Amsterdam, Detroit or Kansas."
That means both the US and The Netherlands could have possibly failed to honor a red notice, provisional arrest request, or
extradition request.

This story is getting really interesting considing that Wikileaks of US Embassy cables make it clear failure to honor a red notice in this case would be considered a serious problem.

Justus Majyambere is not only one of the 40 Rwandan officers sought by Spanish justice, in addition he is also one of the 15 that are wanted for the murder of nine Spanish citizens. This means that if the US failed to honor a red notice in this case, it could have serious repercussions:

"Fifteen of the forty indictees
(#'s 3, 5, 6, 8, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 23, 24, 29)
are wanted for the murder of the nine Spanish citizens."

"It would be a serious problem if the USG failed
to honor a red notice, provisional arrest request, or
extradition request for one of the 15 indictees sought for
murdering the Spaniards, especially with respect to other
ongoing bilateral extradition and judicial matters."

Thursday, May 26, 2011

Emerging South & Social Conservatives: Ron Paul & Huckabee

Now that Mike Huckabee is out of the race, the hunt for the Huckabee vote has begun.

Two persistent misconceptions keep surfacing concerning the 'Huckabee vote' or '2008 Huckabee voter'. First misconception is that this voting block is identical to the 'social conservative' voting block. It is not and it has never been.

The '2008 Huckabee vote' was a vote for a defender of the Republican party principles who combined wit and style with real substance.

Second misconception is that the 'Huckabee voter' considers Ron Paul's views on foreign policy
"swinging from stupid to nonexistent"
Those who claim this clearly were not following Mike Huckabee's campaign in 2008. It was mainstream press and Condoleezza Rice that attacked Mike Huckabee's foreign policy views as 'ludicrous' for his speech on "paths and priorities in the war on terror" in which Mike Huckabee said:
"Bush arrogant bunkermentality has been counterproductive both at home and abroad".
Chuck Norris article on Huckabee not running:
"When I was on the campaign trail with Mike, he was connecting with not only the Republican base but also many liberal-leaning people. Mike had a great mix of African-American and Hispanic followers at his rallies, as well."
Check out Chuck Norris on Ron Paul and foreign policy:
"Ron Paul is the only guy I trust"
The strong support of fellow blogger David Beasley chairman of the Center for Global Strategies, famous for removing the confederate flag from the SC statehouse:
“You see, the Confederate flag flying above the statehouse flies in a vacuum, ... The Klan can misuse it as a racist tool, as it has, and others can misuse it solely as a symbol for racism, as they have.”
both underline ,as suzie Parker's explains, that
"Huckabee is the poster child for the emerging South."
Those who try to claim the 'Huckabee vote' for some special interest or confine him to a social conservative reservation, have not followed his campaign, nor understood his speeches. And clearly don't understand how Mike Huckabee has moved the ball forward inside Evangelical America and inside the Republican party as a whole.

Wednesday, May 25, 2011

Wikileaks Confirm US Interference In Spanish Genocide Case Against Kagame

US Consular Legal Advisor(LES) also suggested (2008-05-09) to the Spanish National Prosecutor
"that the indictment only told the genocide story from the Hutu perspective and the prosecutor confessed a lack of deep knowledge of the events. LES had the impression that the prosecutor who does not speak English, might welcome the opportunity to consult discreetly with an international expert"
It becomes clear from the wikileak cables that the US embassy in Madrid has tried to influence judges, the government, and prosecutors.WikiLeaks cables had a huge impact in Spain, says El Pais editor-in-chief, Javier Moreno:
"It's probably the biggest story this newspaper has ever been involved with"

A part of those US Embassy cables is about the indictment of 40 RPF officers by a Spanish Judge.

Those Embassy cables are solid evidence of a US effort to interfere with the Spanish justice and suppress the case against 40 Rwandan officers by Judge Andreu Merelles. For example a quote from this cable:
"In consultations with Spanish interlocutors in Madrid May 19-20, ambassador Williamson (S/WCI) urged the Spanish government to reach out to the Rwandan government at the political level to try to ease tensions over the Spanish judiciary's indictment of 40 Rwandan officials in connection with the deaths of nine Spanish citizens between 1994 and
2000. The general Spanish response was positive but noncommittal, although several contacts acknowledged that the overreach of the indictment was inappropriate and potentially problematic for Spain. There was agreement in principle to talking with the Rwandans, although we believe the Spanish will require strong encouragement."
Yesterday Justus Majyambere, one of these 40 Rwandan officers, was arrested in the US.

If he was released, as claimed by the Rwandan army spokesperson, this poses serious questions. The first question is off course wether the US has ignored standard procedures concerning interpol arrest warrants?

Stephen Rapp, State Department warcrimes chief, recently stated:
"We are pursuing (as very high priority) human rights violators accused of the Genocide, who managed to enter the US"
What happened to this priority? (second question) Both US Senate and House of Representatives should demand answers from Hillary Clinton and War Crimes chief Stephan Rapp as to what the motivation was of the release of this indicted war criminal.

Listen here to what Peter Erlinder has to say on US manipulation of the ICTR.

Tuesday, May 24, 2011

Bill Clinton Kalonji Interview Emission HD ELENGI

Stephen Rapp Knew Of Witness Tampering In Kobagaya Case?

A rwandan citizen has fled Rwanda because he has brought to light the witness tampering by Rwanda's current regime in the Lazare Kobagaya case in Wichita Kansas.

In Kansas and everywhere American citizens are asking questions on why the US government and it's officials are spending soo much money and resources in the Kobagaya case.

If proven that Stephen Rapp knew ahead of time that false testimonies by Rwandans were going to be used against Kobagaya, he should be persecuted.

Stephen Rapp has allready commented on the ongoing Kobagaya case. This runs against a justice department-wide policy of not commenting on ongoing cases.

As State Department War Crimes chief and former prosecutor at the Rwanda tribunal ICTR, Stephen Rapp is fully aware of the history of witness tampering in Rwanda. So why his eagerness in the Kobagaya case?

In his role as prosecutor at the ICTR Stephen Rapp decided not to persecute those responsable for the assassination of the former Presidents of Rwanda and Burundi, allthough all the evidence points to the current president Paul Kagame. Both widows of these Presidents filed a lawsuite against Paul Kagame in Oklahoma last year. In other words Stephen Rapp is no stranger in Jerusalem.

In that context it is highly possible that Stephen Rapp knew of witness tampering in the Kobagaya case.

If Stephen Rapp knew or reasonably could have known of the witness tampering in this case, he could face up to 20 years of prison:

"In the United States, the crime of witness tampering in federal cases is defined by statute at 18 U.S.C. § 1512, "Tampering with a witness, victim, or an informant". The punishment for such an offense is up to 20 years if physical force was used or attempted, and up to 10 years if physical force was only threatened. The tampering need not have actually been successful in order for it to be criminal."

What legal actions can be taken against Stephen Rapp? And when?

Stephen Rapp's jobs description can be deducted from his own statement in this short video. If he thinks that his position as State Department War Crimes chief makes him immune to the long arm of jthe law he is fooling himself. As Martin Luther King said:
"the arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends towards justice"

Monday, May 23, 2011

Project Censored at Moe's Books and around the World

Mickey Huff of Project Censored, speaking at Moe's Bookstore in Berkeley, for anyone attempting to challenge the forced consensus of the corporate press in the blogosphere or beyond, and by the way, I join Project Censored as an unabashed advocate of 09.11 truth.   --Ann Garrison

Sunday, May 22, 2011

Harry Verhoeven's Views Concerning Rwanda Need Revision

Acts and words of the Rwandan regime stress the need for revision, not just of UK aid to Rwanda.

Allthough the news concerning the assassination attempts against UK citizens by Paul Kagame's regime is making headlines, these allegations are not new. Assassinations accompanied by direct and specifics threats in government controlled press have for two decades consistently been ingredients of the Kagame brand.

In the run up to August 2010 elections we have seen the recipe applied both in Rwanda and abroad.

But instead of acknowledging this obvious fact, Oxford doctoral researcher on political violence in the great lakes region Harry Verhoeven, in a Christian Science Monitor article, continued his personal crusade against critics of the RPF:
"armchair critics have often gone so over the top in demonizing the RPF – seldom based on any thorough, on-the-ground research"
Paul Kagame's assassinations and assassination attempts in Rwanda and abroad (now also in the UK) should have long ago triggered a thorough investigation into Harry Verhoeven's motives for mischaracterizing the Brugière report's contents and his questioning of the credibility of it's writer, Jean-Louis Brugière.

Stephen Sackur was right in 2009 concerning the Brugière report when he told Paul Kagame:
"off course you know, they are not wild allegations"

Saturday, May 21, 2011

Brussels Train Station Blues

With the EU memberstates fighting over the Schengen treaty. The Dutch government restarted borderchecks in Maastricht yesterday. And also the Greek crisis putting strain on the Dutch government. The Spain protests turning into a fullscale arab spring? Some say Strauss-Kahn could have saved Europe, which Jon Stewart and I seriously doubt.

Is the roxy band playing at Brussels North train station a modern day titanic band symbolic of the inevitable?

Belgium still attempting to form a government. the Libyan immigrant story, which has triggered the European fight on the interpretation of the Schengen treaty, still developing.

At a meeting of European Union interior ministers in Brussels, 10 member states volunteered to resettle North African refugees while Britain and France refused to resettle a single one. Indeed, Home Secretary Theresa May said:
"she will oppose any future proposals for Britain to resettle refugees from Libya and Tunisia."
While the EU is fighting over the even distribution of some 25.000 refugees from North-Africa, Tunis is helping about 300.000 refugees.

Since the crisis in Libya erupted a titanic of 800 african refugees has drowned in the Mediterranean. But no titanic band accompanied their fate.

So, wether you take the A train to Antwerp or catch the last train to paris, wherever your travels may take you, tip the Roxy band while you still can! They are performing in Brussels. Take video's, share and link. They got a message for Europe.

Thursday, May 19, 2011

Ron Paul: Joker In GOP Card Deck

How will the Huckabee voter in Iowa split?

Does anyone in Iowa remembers Governor Huckabee's words when he opened his campaign hQ's in the run up to the Iowa strawpoll: "we are here to stay, we are here to play". Let's play a little GOP primary cardgame after having listened to Mike play in Iowa.

Former South Carolina Governor and Huckabee's Palmetto State backer David Beasley
"The Huckabee voter is up for grabs. I don't think one particular candidate is going to get that voter,"

Dave Davidson in Des Moines, Iowa:

"There are other candidates that excite me, but I'm not sure where to go next," said Davidson, the co-host of a weekly online radio show aimed at Huckabee supporters. He singled out Rep. Ron Paul, businessman Herman Cain and Bachmann as hopefuls he likes."

Since 2008 Ron Paul and Mike Huckabee's supporters, like Marco Rubio, have been the driving force behind the Tea Party.

Will the GOP be able to keep that momentum going? The Iowa Strawpoll will be the first test. According to longtime campaign analysts this is the "Ron Paul moment". They argue that he is able to unite the different factions of the tea party movement and has the best chances against Barack Obama and can raise a considerable amount of money which will help him pull of a win in Iowa. In the words of Juan Williams "it's like a revelation" but GOP's looney uncle could well turn out to be the joker in the Republican card deck.

So make sure to register for the Iowa Straw poll in Ames, bus transportation will be provided from your county, and be on the lookout for David Beasley's view on developments in the run up to the Iowa strawpoll!! On to The Cavalcade!!

Wednesday, May 18, 2011

Huckabee Supporters Swing Towards Ron Paul

Mark McKinnon, chief media advisor in 2000 and 2004 for George W. Bush’s campaign for President, wrote "Mike Huckabee's Loss Is Ron Paul's Gain" which states the obvious:
"Ron Paul becoming the ideal pick for voters who want to buck the status quo"
And that's exactedly the signal Mike Huckabee's primary voters sent to the party establishment in 2008. As Huckabee so eloquently summed it up in his Supertuesday victory speech, "it's a two man race and we are in it":
"Tonight, we are making sure America understands that sometimes one small smooth stone is even more effective than a whole lot of armor."

"And we've also seen that The Widow's Mite has more effectiveness than all the gold in the world."
As Dutch4huckabee blogger during the 2008 primaries I agree with Mark McKinnon's view that Mike Huckabee's
"All the factors say go, but my heart says no"
could greatly benefit Ron Paul, as allready illustrated by polling data.

Since 2008 Ron Paul and Mike Huckabee's supporters have been the driving force behind the Tea Party. Even Gary Bauer (not Mike Huckabee's pal) wrote september 2010, in his article "GOP Establishment, rest in peace?":
"The explosion of grass-roots activism by economic as well as social conservatives is dismantling the old GOP power structure, leaving in its place a grass-roots, bottom-up party in which voters, not the establishment, decide who they want to represent them."
On foreign policy, Mike Huckabee's position during the 2008 primary was closer to Ron Paul's then to the Republican establishment. It was not for nothing that Condoleezza Rice reacted as if stung by a bee at Mike Huckabee's speech "path's and priorities in the war on terror" in which he said that: "Bush arrogant bunkermentality has been counterproductive both at home and abroad".

Just watch this discussion between Mike Huckabee and Ron Paul (Remember Colbert's Honor-Bound on this episode?) which underscores my point that Mike Huckabee clearly does not represent the neoconservative "Bush-Condoleezza" partyline on foreign policy:

So, Michael Kraft, a longtime Ron Paul supporter is spot on when he asks: "why the Ron Paul hate?" But polling data specialist Tom Jensen has allready said
"Don't laugh at Ron Paul",
Juan Williams, Fox News political Analyst wrote last week:
"If you have not been paying attention, it is time to look around and realize that we are living in the political age of Rep. Ron Paul."

It is time to look around and realize, together with Senator John McCain and Rep. Ron Paul, that we are no longer living in the political age of George W. Bush!

As Doug Wead wrote today: Ron Paul Just Makes Good Sense!

So, if you live in Iowa or attend school in Iowa and have not yet reserved your ticket to support Ron Paul at the Iowa Straw Poll, register now!

Ron Paul: "My Toughest Opponent Is The Status Quo":

Juan Williams - 'This is the Age of Ron Paul':

My previous posts on Ron Paul:

"Bin Laden is dead, let's come home!"

"Ron Paul and why it's better to ask some of the questions"

"conservative Foreign Policy: Ron Paul"

Tuesday, May 17, 2011

Rwanda: Ingabire on Trial

KPFA Weekend News Transcript, 05.15.2011:

Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza
KPFA Weekend News Anchor David Landau: Rwandan opposition leader Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza last spoke to KPFA on October 9, 2010, about the UN Mapping Report released nine days earlier. The report documented war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocidal civilian massacres in the Democratic Republic of Congo between 1993 and 2003.

Victoire Ingabire UmuhozaIngabire spoke to KPFA, and to the BBC and Voice of America all last year despite a court order not to speak to the press after her arrest and confinement to Rwanda's capitol city Kigali throughout the Rwandan presidential election year. The election ended on August 9th with President Paul Kagame's re-election with an unlikely 93% of the vote. Ingabire was not allowed to register her party or stand for election, though many believe that she could have won without even campaigning.

On October 14th, five days after she last spoke to KPFA, she was arrested again and this time confined to Kigali's 1930 maximum security prison, where she marked the 7-month anniversary of her arrest yesterday. Her international support team report that she is increasingly isolated by bureaucratic excuses to deny her visitors, and that the confidentiality of her conversations with her Rwandan lawyer has been violated.

Rwanda's membership in the Commonwealth officially requires it to meet minimal standards of democracy, including minimal standards of justice, but Ingabire's two British lawyers have been presented with thousands of pages of legal briefs written only in Rwanda's native language, Kinyarwanda, which neither they nor reporters who don't speak it can read. Ingabire is charged with terrorism, inciting Rwandans to overthrow the current Rwandan government, and with genocide ideology, a statutory crime unique to Rwanda, which means disagreeing with the government and/or the official history of the Rwanda Genocide.

Jean Manirarora, a member of Ingabire’s FDU-Inkingi coalition of parties, also known as the United Democratic Forces, came into the KPFA Studios today to discuss with KPFA's Ann Garrison what is at stake in Ingabire’s case.

KPFA/Ann Garrison: Jean, Victoire Ingabire is on trial, in large part, for challenging the Rwandan government’s official history of the 1994 Rwanda Genocide. That official history, that ethnic Hutu extremists slaughtered up to a million ethnic Tutsis in 100 days, is used to justify extreme repression within Rwanda, and to justify Rwandan President Paul Kagame’s repeated invasions and ongoing military presence in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Could you explain Victoire Ingabire’s challenge to the official history?

Jean Manirarora: First of all, Victoire Ingabire has never denied the Tutsi Genocide. But, when she returned to Rwanda in January last year, to run for president, she visited the Kigali Genocide Memorial and asked why it commemorates only the Tutsi victims. She asked when the Hutu victims would be commemorated as well. Just saying this is a statutory crime called genocide ideology in Rwanda.

KPFA: What would be the consequence of acknowledging that Hutus were also killed, by extremist Tutsis, because they were Hutus, during the 1994 Genocide?

Jean Manirarora: If it were acknowledged that Hutu people were massacred because they were Hutus, then the collective guilt for the genocide would no longer be forced on Hutu people. There would no longer be any justification for packing Hutu people into prisons, or forcing them to make restitution to Tutsis by surrendering their property or accepting years of indentured servitude to Tutsis. Hutus would finally be allowed to mourn the dead they lost in the genocide, and the bones in the memorial sites would finally be buried in dignity.

KPFA: People from all over the world go to these genocide memorial sites and photograph the bones in these memorial sites. Could you explain what you mean about finally burying them?

Jean Manirarora: It is not normal in the Rwandan culture to display the bodies, bones, or body parts of loved ones, no matter how they died. Foreigners come with their fancy cameras and take photos of these bones, assuming that this is part of our culture, but it is not. Many of these bones are the bones of Hutu people; that is why they are allowed to be on display, although they are presented to the world as the bones of Tutsi victims. Hutu people need to be able to bury and publicly mourn their dead.

KPFA: Could you explain the importance of establishing the truth of the Rwanda Genocide to achieving peace in Rwanda’s eastern neighbor, the Democratic Republic of Congo?

Jean Manirarora: If it is established that Kagame’s troops committed atrocities in Rwanda during the Rwanda Genocide, then Kagame would no longer be justified in pursuing the former Rwandan army of Juvenal Habyarimana, the President of Rwanda whose assassinationtriggered the genocide.” He says he is going after them every time he invades the Congo and he has used them as his excuse to occupy and plunder Congo’s resources, with the blessing of the international community.

KPFA: Jean, thank you for that very concise explanation of what’s at stake in Victoire Ingabire’s trial and in the truth of the Rwanda Genocide.

Jean Maniraora: Thank you for giving Victoire and me and other Rwandans a chance to tell our story.

KPFA:  For Pacifica, KPFA, and AfrobeatRadio, I'm Ann Garrison.

Audio recording at:  http://www.anngarrison.com/audio/rwanda-victoire-ingabire-umuhoza-on-trial.


Konwomyn writes on his blog concerning the Ian Birrell- Paul Kagame twitter war:
" another interesting thing to emerge out of this online spat was the reactions of Kagame's supporters which ranged from blind praise of Kagame to the 'British' lack of understanding of the Rwanda situation to censure of a Western journalist for disrespecting an African leader. It goes without saying that the staunch Kagame supporters would say this, but when seemingly more open-minded Africans also pick on Birrell's Westernness and re-buff his use of the words 'despot and deluded' because they're not fit for an African leader, there is a big problem. Birrell's identity has nothing to do with the facts - that Kagame shuts down debate in Rwanda and has had Congolese and Rwandan blood on his hands since 1996 - and Kagame's Africanness doesn't make him immune to being called a despot. Why do we get so defensive about these terms? When people call Bush and Blair war mongers, genocidaires and war criminals there's no problem, but African leaders are untouchable because they're African? Screw that. I'm a previous sufferer still in recovery mode from Afro-centric syndrome"

Monday, May 16, 2011

Frank Rusagara: Mr Clean At Rwanda's UK High Commission?

Harry Verhoeven wrote in march:
"The RPF has long been regarded by its enemies as a formidably cohesive liberation movement, but 2010 has gone some way to shattering the image of a phalanx built on Tutsi solidarity"
"Both Kayumba and Karegeya were part of the very core of the RPF but were losing the internal power struggle with President Paul Kagame and his lieutenants James Kabarebe and Emmanuel Ndahiro that emerged after the Congo wars."

Why did Harry Verhoeven fail to mention Frank Rusagara in this article?

Brig. Gen. Frank Rusagara is the Defence Attache at the Rwanda High Commission in the UK and was a discussion panel member at Harry Verhoeven's “The Gacaca Courts, Post-Genocide Justice and Reconciliation in Rwanda“ booklaunch november 4th 2010. In 1994 Frank Rusagara was RPA liaison to the diplomatic community. Litte seems to have changed since.

Two weeks ago MI5 accused the Rwanda High Commission in the UK of secret "activities against members of the diaspora" and last week Scotland Yard issued a “threats to life warning” notice to at least two organisers of a Rwandan diaspora meeting, which could possibly end UK's Aid to Rwanda.

Frank Rusagara's role in keeping up RPF's clean image abroad can hardly be overestimated. Frank Rusagara wrote a book on Rwanda's military history and lectures on the hutu-tutsi integration process inside the army.

Saturday, May 14, 2011

UK Will End Aid To Rwanda

UK will cut £83m aid to Rwanda:

Scotland Yard has issued a “threats to life warning” notice to at least two organisers of a Rwandan diaspora meeting, issued by the London Metropolitan Police dated 12 May 2011. The warning reads in part as follows:

“Rwandan Government poses an imminent threat to your life. The threat could come in any form. You should be aware of other high profile cases where action such as this has been concluded in the past. Conventional and non-conventional means have been used.”

On the royal wedding day, april 29th 2011, MI5 warned Rwandan high commissioner to Britain to halt an alleged campaign of harassment against suspected critics of his country's government based in the UK. The statement reads:
"Ernest Rwamucyo, who is due to attend today's royal wedding as Rwanda's envoy to London, was told by the Security Service that the UK's £83m aid to Rwanda could be cut unless the secret activities against members of the diaspora were halted."
Paul Kagame consistently prides himself for ignoring those who criticize him and his regime. His often repeated mantra was well summed up at a lunch with William Wallis at Wyndham Grand in Chelsea Harbour yesterday:

“I don’t think anybody out there in the media, UN, human rights organisations, has any moral right whatsoever to level any accusations against me or against Rwanda. Because, when it came to the problems facing Rwanda, and the Congo, they were all useless,”

David Cameron's friend and former speechwriter, Ian Birrell sums it up on twitter:
"@ianbirrell No-one in media, UN or human rights groups has the moral right to criticise me, says despotic & deluded @paulkagame"

The beginning of may (3d) the regime in Kigali wrote down a direct threat to it's critics, particularly among the Rwandan diaspora :
"The criminal quartet and other unsavoury characters to whom they are allied in a terrorist enterprise will soon find out that the jungles of foreign countries and villas in upmarket areas of foreign capitals are not very safe."
Paul Kagame, a man of action, is both predictable and consistent. He says what he does and does what he says. A lot of people, especially policy makers in the US and the UK, just haven't been paying attention.

Thursday, May 12, 2011

Kigali's Pathetic Role In Kobagaya Case

Stephen Rapp, US-ambassador at large for war crimes and former Prosecutor at the Tanzania-based International criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), commented on the ongoing case of Lazare Kobagaya, while visiting Kigali april 8th after meeting Rwandan prosecutor Martin Ngoga:

"We are pursuing (as very high priority) human rights violators accused of the Genocide, who managed to enter the US and managed to get their refugee status and citizenship. It is a very high priority in the Department Of Justice to prosecute these people, for the false claims they made, and the lies they put on their forms, that they were not involved in the Genocide,”

What in the world happened to the policy of not commenting on ongoing cases, of which Armin Rosen writes today
"A spokesperson for the Department of Justice's Human Rights and Special Prosecutions division refused to explain how Kobagaya first appeared on the government's radar, citing a department-wide policy of not commenting on ongoing cases"

And what is Kigali's involvement and interest in the Kobagaya case? This question is entirely justified if you see the eager and biased one-sided reporting in Paul Kagame's newspaper "Tne New Times" and public comments on the case by Rwanda's current regime. A close advisor to President Paul Kagame, Tom Ndahiro, plays a painfull pathetic role in this childish game.

In an interview with The Atlantic's Armin Rosen:
"Ndahiro says he does not formally work for the Kagame government, but when I called the Rwandan embassy in Washington, D.C., for comment on the case, someone passed the phone to him."
Edmund Kagire today writes in The New Times:
"more witnesses pin Kobagaya"
a week ago this same Edmund Kagire quoted Rwandan prosecutor Martin Ngoga (who according to Tom Ndahiro is not involved) as saying:

“If the process in America succeeds to prove the fact that he was actually involved in the Genocide, which is why he lied to authorities in the US as he was gaining citizenship, it will pave way for another action which we can’t contemplate,”

Stehen Rapp's words in Kigali aim to undermine the legal process in Kansas.

Wednesday, May 11, 2011

Conservative Foreign Policy: Ron Paul

Good video by Tom Woods on US foreign policy across the world:

Russel Kirk on US foreign policy. A lot of resources on Tom Woods own blog.

Senator Rand Paul explains his position on Libya in this video.

Rwanda: A Carrot For Democracy

Olivier Chastel, Belgium's minister of development cooperation, is negotiating the 2011-2014 development PIC budget of 200 million euro's to Rwanda. Obviously, in the context of the arab spring, Olivier Chastel is pressured by his parliament and emphasis is strongly on progress in the field of human rights and democracy.

Sofar Kagame thinks he can trick Belgium by smiling, while in the meantime ignoring the conditions of the deal. Olivier Chastel explains that won't be acceptable to Belgium. Paul Kagame's regime will have to accept the conditions or refuse the money.

FRANÇOIS JANNE D'OTHÉE suggest Paul Kagame's arrogance is based on his conficdence on the backin by his friends: the UK and the US.

Tuesday, May 10, 2011

Ron Paul: Bin Laden Is Dead - Let's Come Home!

Suddenly Ron Paul looks like a very serious candidate for President of the United States. He asks the right questions. ANDREW NAPOLITANO and KIRSTEN POWERS discuss him on Glenn beck's show. Juan Williams wrote yesterday:

"If you have not been paying attention, it is time to look around and realize that we are living in the political age of Rep. Ron Paul.

A CNN/Opinion Research poll released late last week shows Paul faring the best against President Obama of any potential Republican candidate. He trails the president by only 7 points, 52-45 percent"

Juan Williams theory that the tea party grew out of the ashes of Ron Paul's failed Presidential bid is a very interesting theory. I tend to think there is evidence supporting this idea. And it's certainly a very powerfull narrative. A narrative that could propell him to the forefront of the republican presidential primaries.

The video, which Ron Paul published on youtube today, asking the US government to call back it's troops, could be interpreted also as the trumpet signal by the commander of the tea party troops to reallign and support their Godfather, as Messamore calls him in his great analysis of the Ron Paul narrative. Might it be Ron Paul's longtail driving the Republican primaries?

Even the Christian post writes about Ron Paul "sudden" surge in the polls:
"Following the May 5 Fox News GOP debate, Paul's popularity among conservatives has grown tremendously in the polls."

Is this an indication, after the announcement of Haley Barbour that he would not participate, that we are moving towards a brokered convention? Tom Jensen seems to imply that Ron Paul will play a very important role in the primaries.

Enjoy Jon Stewart on Ron Paul here.

Is this the Ron Paul moment? He would no doubt attract a lot of former Obama supporters.

Saturday, May 7, 2011

Prisoner Ingabire further isolated in maximum security prison

Rwandan opposition leader Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza
remains in maximum security prison in Kigali, Rwanda,
where she has now been more isolated.

Kigali 06 May 2011

Ms. Victoire Ingabire, FDU-INKINGI chairperson and Rwandan political prisoner  is spending her 204th day in captivity in maximum prison today.

More isolation measures are now in force. The party members who visited the prison today were not given a chance to see Ms. Ingabire. The jailers informed that they have orders to follow and that any other questions should be addressed to the Minister of internal Security. 

On 29 April 2011 a dozen FDU-INKINGI party members were chased away by the maximum prison security staff.  Security Minister Fazil Harelimana told the BBC-Kinyarwanda that Madame Victoire Ingabire “must herself submit in advance a list of 5 people prior to the visitation days because the government does not want anybody to disturb prisoners when they are watching TV, reading or enjoying their siesta."  The political prisoner is incommunicado and has no means to pre-screen and shortlist her visitors days before. This is enormously inconvenient and has the direct effect of making visits impossible.

Since January 2011, the defense counsel has not been allowed to take confidential instructions from the client due to continuous and persistent monitoring of their discussions by security operatives. Prompt access has been often denied too. Those persistent violations of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights are seriously compromising all chances for a fair trial in Rwanda. 

We call upon President Paul Kagame and his government to consider the humanity of political prisoners and remove all those obstacles. 

Boniface Twagirimana
Interim Vice President.
We also recommend to visit http://www.victoire-ingabire.com/.

Thursday, May 5, 2011

Predator Drones to "stop genocide?"

AfrobeatRadio producer Ann Garrison spoke to journalist, human rights investigator, and electrical engineer Keith Harmon Snow about the lobbying campaign to use General Atomics' Predator Drones "to stop genocide" in Africa. 

Predator Drone firing a Hellfire missile.Ann Garrison:  General Atomics’ Predator Drones were designed to be unmanned surveillance aircraft, but, beginning in 2000, Bill Clinton and then George Bush, had the Predators outfitted to drop Hellfire missiles, as they have in at least five countries, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Yemen, and now Libya.

In 2008, General Atomics began producing the much larger Reaper Drones, which carry up to 2 tons worth of bombs, 10 times more than the Predators, cruise at higher altitudes and three times the speed, and, have more surveillance capability thanks to advances in computers.
In December 2010, the military tech section of San Francisco's techno lifestyle magazine, WIRED, reported that the U.S. Air Force was phasing out the Predators in favor of the Reapers, and accepting the last of its order of 268 Predators in the early months of this year, 2011.

Read more and/or listen to the radio report at http://www.anngarrison.com/audio/predator-drones-to-stop-genocide.

William Walter On Zambia's Lucky Number: 370.000

William Walter wrote an article in the Harvard International Review back in 2004 on the influx of hutu refugees to Zambia from Rwanda, Burundi and Congo . At the time President Levy Mwanawasa of Zambia was:
"concerned with the continuation of conflict, as hostilities threaten to erupt on his own soil. Refugees fleeing persecution, and the soldiers pursuing them, pass all too easily through the borders between Rwanda, Burundi, and the DRC. Zambia’s borders are now in jeopardy as Hutu expatriates flee the DRC. Even the current presence of Hutus in Zambia is problematic for Mwanawasa. With distrust running high, Hutus are reluctant to comply with Rwandan orders to return. This resistance could become the impetus for Rwandan President Paul Kagame to mobilize Tutsi forces in Zambia.

Mwanawasa is struggling to accommodate a growing population of Hutus fleeing Kagame’s regime”
As we now know, President Levy Mwanawasa drew the lucky number! As did William Walter:
"About 370,000 defecting soldiers of the Rwandan Hutu regime have retreated to Zambia, Mozambique, and Angola, making the region a veritable minefield for future conflict."

The Rwandan army had 7000 soldiers before the RPF invaded Rwanda. In 1992, as a response to the invasion by the RPF, the Rwandan army added another 23.000 soldiers. That makes a total maximum of 30.000 soldiers of the former Habyarimana regime.

Where did William Walter find this interesting number of "370,000" defecting soldiers of the Rwandan Hutu regime and write it down in the Harvard International Review!!

Might it have been Levy Mwanawasa's lucky number in the great lakes lottery organized by Kagame's RPF?

Tuesday, May 3, 2011

Kagame: Assassination Attempt On Kayumba Nyamwasa Is OK

As stated in a press release by the International Humanitarian Law Institute
"In October 2010, Pres. Kagame allgedly issued orders to RPF leaders for Prof. Erlinder's return to Rwanda "dead or alive." Given the hundreds if not thousands of assassinations and disappearances of his opponents, he has no doubt that Kagame would like to add his name to that list if he could"
Yesterday The New Times published an article which confirms Erlinder's fears. The article "Osama Bin Laden's lesson for local terrorists" can be considered a rationalisation or justification for assassination attempts in the past, present and future against critics. Assassinations like the failed attempt on the life of former Chief of Staff Faustin Kayumba Nyamwasa in june. Paul Kagame, through his website, makes it clear he won't hesitate to order the assassination of critics among the diaspora (and others) living in the US, SA, UK or elsewhere, if the opportunity arises! This article can be interpreted as a direct assassination threat by Paul Kagame to Peter Erlinder:
"The criminal quartet (Kayumba Nyamwasa, Patrick Karegeya, Gerald Gahima and Theogene Rudasingwa) and other unsavoury characters to whom they are allied in a terrorist enterprise will soon find out that the jungles of foreign countries and villas in upmarket areas of foreign capitals are not very safe.

They can run and hide, but will run out of options and then their actions will catch up with them.

If Osama bin Laden could speak now, he would tell them that."
However, it's not the first time Paul Kagame makes the case that America's reaction to 9/11 gives him the right to assassinated people abroad.

In March 2010 Paul Kagame gave a speech at West Point, where his son, Ivan Cyomoro, studies:
"contrasting the response to the 9/11 attacks in New York and the genocide in Rwanda, President Kagame pointed to the need to enhance international response, solidarity and cooperation, so that international threats "carry the same weight and meaning to all countries irrespective of which interests are at stake" and not only when the interests of powerful nations are threatened."
In april 2010 Kagame said:
“Rwandan exiled officials are like excreted human waste”
In June 2010 Faustin Kayumba Nyamwasa survived the assassination attempt by RPF operatives.

In july 2010 the South African Ambassador to Rwanda, Gladstone Dumisani Gwadiso, got summoned over the Nyamwasa case by Rwanda's Foreign Affairs Minister Louise Mushikiwabo, who said:

"Some insinuations emanating from official circles in South Africa and carried in the media appear to be pointing a finger at the Rwandan government,"
"I have summoned the South African ambassador (Gladstone Dumisani Gwadiso) on Tuesday to convey the concern of the Rwandan government over the way the investigation is carried out"
"Naturally, there is no truth to this. We find these insinuations very alarming,"

Aimable Mugara, a Rwandan immigrant living in Canada, in his weekly letter to President Paul kagame, the first week of july 2010, in the run up to august 2010 "elections" comments on Louise Mushikiwabo's statements as follows:

"Your government’s spokesperson, Ms. Mushikiwabo has been admonishing anyone who dares think that your government could have been behind the killing of this journalist as well as the failed assassination of the General. Unfortunately, the list of people who have worked with you and ended up dead soon after there were any disagreements with you or perceived disagreement is extremely long. The following are just some of the names:

1. The Late Colonel Charles Ngoga
2. The Late Colonel Lizinde
3. The Late Colonel Augustin Cyiza
4. The Late Lt Col. Wilson Rutayisire (alias Shaban)
5. The Late Major Rachid Mugisha (alias Kyojo)
6. The Late Captain Serwanda
7. The Late Major Alex Ruzindana
8. The Late Major John Birasa
9. The Late Captain Eddy
10. The Late Captain S. Kavuma
11. The Late Captain David Sabuni
12. The Late Lieutenant Aloys Rupari
13. The Late Second Lieutenant Dan Ndaruhutse
14. The Late Lieutenant Karegeya
15. The Late Lieutenant Rwagasana
16. The Late Lieutenant Dan Twahirwa
17. The Late Lieutenant Fred Gatumbura
18. The Late Second Lieutenant Peter Sempa
19. The Late Lieutenant Jean-Claude Ruraza
20. The Late Sergeant Nyirumuringa
21. The Late Interior Minister Seth Sendashonga
22. The Late Bank CEO Pasteur Musabe
23. The Late Deputy Chief Justice Vincent Nsanzabaganwa
24. The Late Your former presidential advisor Assiel Kabera
25. The Late Parliamentarian Leonard Hitimana"
And we should off course add the famous assassination of the former Presidents of Rwanda Juvenal Habyarimana and Burundi Cyprien Ntaryamira, for which april 30th 2010 Paul Kagame was served with a lawsuite in Edmond Oklahoma.

Last week MI5 warned the Rwandan high commissioner to Britain to halt an alleged campaign of harassment against suspected critics of his country's government based in the UK.

Assassination of political opponents is a consistent ingredient, both of the RPF rhetoric and it's actions. Foreign governments, especially the US through it's cozy relationship has sofar largely failed to adress this problem or pretended it does not exist. It's great to see signs (like the MI5 warning and South Africa's diplomatic message)that several countries are starting to acknowledge the problem. But I think it's important that not only actions, but also the poisonous rhetoric that clearly is part of the package, be adressed together and consistently by high level public servants representing the US government that regularly visit Kigali: Anthony Holmes (deputy chief of US Africom, does he agree with the content of Kagame's West Point speech???), Stephen Rapp, or on twitter by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's Senior Advisor of Innovation Alec. J. Ross, US Ambassador to the UN Susan Rice or Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.

In the same article "Osama Bin Laden's lesson for local terrorists" Joseph Rwagatare says:
"Other politicians, like Victoire Ingabire and Deo Mushayidi, who have tried to use terrorism to get to power now know the perils of that route and, unless they are idiots, are unlikely to advise anyone to go the same way."
Apparently Joseph Rwagatare allready knows that Victoire Ingabire is guilty, allthough sofar we haven't seen a single shred of evidence. The evidence gathered at Ingabire's home in the Netherlands has not even be handed over to Rwanda yet, but a verdict will be delivered may 15th.

Monday, May 2, 2011

Col. Emmanuel Ruvusha Supervised Kagame's Ethnic Cleansing In Congo

Last week Emmanuel Ruvusha was awarded a medal and certificate for his contribution towards ending violence in Darfur by Karenzi Karake. This same Emmanuel Ruvusha was a commander during the invasion of Congo in 1996 by the RPF.

In David Reybrouck's book "Congo" on page 448 we read that Ruvusha was a general of the AFDL at the time. David Reybrouck recounts how at the end of 1997 this invading army, disguised as a rebel movement, rounded up the fleeing hutu's in improvised refugee camps. Once these concentration camps were formed, the area was sealed off. NGO workers and journalists were no longer allowed to enter the area "for their own safety". Once the area was sealed of, ethnic cleansing started. Not just hutu military or Interhamwe died, but children, women, elderly, the wounded and the dying. Sometimes with bullets, most of the time with machete and hammer. Munition was too expensive and too heavy to carry through the bush.

David Reybrouck talked to an eyewitness to these attrocities, lieutenant Papy Bulaya, a soldier in the AFDL. He explains how he served under General Ruvusha, who is now a colonel in the Rwandan army. The objective was to get the job done. After the slaughter at Tingi-Tingi a cleaning team came in with fuel to destroy the evidence of these crimes.

On the same page David Reybrouck explains that before the attack 85.000 people lived in the Tingi-Tingi camp, after the ethnic cleansing operation ordered by Paul Kagame, the camp was empty. Tens of thousands had been butchered and about 45.000 fled even further to the west. To Equateur where Paul Kagame's thugs intercepted most of them at Boende an Mbandaka and butchered the remnants of this group. Eyewitness said that even babies were crushed under their boots or hit against walls.

Several hundreds reached Brazzaville or Gabon. They had walked for about 2000 kilometers through Zaire. In the end only several thousands managed to survive Paul Kagame's genocidal operation.

Ruvusha is a very important member of the Rwandan army as explained in this article.

Brig. General .Frank Rusagara, a considered a good friend by Tom Odom, spoke at University of Birmingham on the military integration process before, during and after the tragedy. the question is off course wether the internal politics of the Rwandan army fits his model.

Col. Emmanuel Ruvusha served under General Laurent Munyakazi, who was accused in 2005 of having participated in the genocide. Frank Rususagara's portrayal of the integration process doesn't seem to fit the reality. The story of Laurent Munyakazi resembles closely the way Bizimungy was treated by the RPF regime. They gave him a title without any real power.
Emmanuel Habyarimana, who held the title of Minister of Defense from 2000-2002 was sacked for having too "pro-hutu" ideas. Same story.

In july 2005 Frank Rusagara awarded 10 medals of honor to outstanding Rwandan soldiers, among them Emmanuel Ruvusha and Paul Kagame.

In february 2009 we could read on the blog mushakipager:
"à la tête de la commission de brassage se trouve le rwandais de la circonstance, à savoir, le Colonel RUVUSHA"

The joint Rwandan-Congolese operations against the FDLR and the integration of the CNDP into the FARC were led by John Numbi (head of Kinshasa police, suspect in Chebeya case and former organizer of JUFERI implicated in crimes against the Luba (in Lubumbashi) Katanga 1993, which are also mentioned in the mapping report correct me if I am mistaken) and his deputy, the Rwandan Colonel Ruvusha. Human rights groups from across the DRC have recently requested the immediate arrest of John Numbi.

In september 2009 rumors of a coup attempt by Frank Rusagara were spread off and online. It seems to be in retrospective that this was a staged attempt to find out who in the army were tempted to participte in a possible coup.

Two months later, in november 2009 Frank Rusagara wrote an article on genocide denial which is a clear attempt to whitewash the ethnic cleansing that took part at Tingi-Tingi.

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